Acne Vulgars

Acne is a skin disease and is found equally in men and women. Acne includes whiteheads, blackheads, pimples, pimples, lesion outbreaks, and deeper bumps. It occurs on the face, shoulders, back, upper arms, and chest.

types of acne


  • pustules
  • cyst papules
  • scars

not inflamed

  • black dots
  • white dots

Secondary lesions

  • scratch spots
  • pigmented macules
  • erythematous macules
  • scars
  • nodules

Causes of acne vulgaris

Hormone levels increase and skin glands produce more oil during puberty. These oils help keep the skin moist. Acne vulgaris begins when oil mixes with dead skin cells. The mixture becomes infected with bacteria and redness, pus-acne and swelling occur. Sometimes, it can be enhanced by certain medications. In some cases, the hormones pass from the mother to the newborn baby and the baby gets acne.

acne vulgaris symptoms

It can be associated with mild to severe. Mild acne can cause blackheads and whiteheads, but severe acne can cause various types of acne on the skin. These lesions may leave scars after treatment and this acne is painful. Acne can lead to depression and low self-esteem.


A physical examination will be done by the doctor to diagnose acne vulgaris. The healthcare professional will ask patients some questions about their medical history to determine the type of acne. No special tests are needed to diagnose acne.


The types of treatment depend on the type of acne, such as mild, moderate, or severe. Treatment may include gels or special lotions to remove acne from the skin. Sometimes, oral medications or topical medications are prescribed by the doctor.

mild acne

Mild acne treatment, such as blackheads, pimples, or whiteheads, may include gentle cleansing with benzoyl peroxide such as Benzac, Clearsil, or Benoxyl, or salicylic acid such as Stri-Dex, Clearsil, or Propa pH, or a mild soap such as Neutrogena or Dove.

Sometimes, topical lotions containing antibiotics or another medicine that kills bacteria are prescribed by the doctor for better results.

moderate to severe acne

Combinations of drugs or therapy will be needed to treat acne vulgaris. Oral antibiotics may be given by the doctor to start the healing process. A combination of various therapies is needed for inflammatory acne. Treatment may include:

  • Draining of cysts and pimples by a trained healthcare professional.
  • Administration of prescription retinoids.
  • Taking prescription oral retinoids.
  • Application of benzoyl peroxide.
  • laser therapy.
  • High intensity light wave therapy.
  • Applying azelaic acid.

home treatment

Wash the affected skin twice a day.

Do not squeeze or touch the pimples.

Avoid products such as oil-containing cold creams, lip glosses, and milk cleansers.

Always use over-the-counter medicated soaps, gels, creams, and lotions to clear acne.

Only use water-based skin care products.

Over-the-counter products for acne treatment include:

  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Salicylic acid
  • alpha-hydroxy acid
  • tea tree oil


  • Avoid heavy sweating.
  • Wash face regularly with mild soap and water.
  • Avoid hair care products such as mousses, gels, and creams.
  • Avoid touching the affected skin.
  • Avoid exposure to harsh chemicals and oils.
  • Avoid excessive exposure to sun rays.

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