Waste Disposal Method – 5 Ways to Prevent Pollution

Disposal of human waste is a major concern in urban and rural areas. This article summarizes the basic precautions to be followed when disposing of human and other household waste.

Waterless Feces Disposal

Feces disposal is a more common problem in rural areas or small towns that do not have water transport system facilities. It is important that human excrement is removed or disposed of in a hygienic and efficient manner. Any waste disposal method used should generally aim to achieve the following objectives:

(i) All feces should be removed to an isolated area for proper disposal of waste.

(ii) Feces should not be accessible to flies, insects or other animals.

(iii) Must not contaminate any surface or groundwater source.

(iv) It should be free from odors and unsightly conditions.

(v) The waste disposal method used should be simple and economical, both in terms of construction and operation, and should also provide privacy and convenience.

Hazards in Disposal of Domestic Waste

How are household hazardous wastes disposed of safely? Many household products are potentially hazardous to humans and the environment and should never be thrown into drains, toilets or drains; this actually violates waste disposal safety guidelines. As a result of the inappropriate waste disposal method used for the disposal of hazardous materials, the employees of the treatment plant may be injured and the waste water systems may be damaged.

Other hazardous chemicals cannot be effectively treated by municipal wastewater systems and may end up in local drinking water supplies. When discharged into septic systems and other field systems, they can temporarily disrupt biological processes in the tank and soil absorption area and allow hazardous chemicals and untreated wastewater to reach groundwater.

Some examples of hazardous household materials include engine oil, transmission oil, antifreeze,

paint, thinner, varnish, wax, lacquer, solvents, pesticides, rat poison, oven cleaner, battery fluid

Most of these materials can be recycled or safely disposed of at community recycling centers.

Classification of pesticides by function:

Acaricide is used to control mites and ticks;

Algicide inhibits algae;

Arachnicide kills Spiders;

The hammer catches insects by attraction;

Avicide Kills Birds;

Bactericide Destroys bacteria;

Chemostreilant limits the spread of insects through sterilization;

Defoliant initiates leaf fall;

Induces drying of leaves in desiccant plants;

Disinfectant protects against general bacteria, fungi;

The growth regulator regulates the growth of plants;

Herbicide Destroys Fungi;

Insecticide kills insects;

Mollusicide is used to control Mollusks;

Nematocyte Kills nematodes;

Pisicides destroy the Fish;

Repelling flies, fleas, moths, etc. removes it.

Rodenticide is effective against rodents (mice, rats, etc.)

Slimicide is used to kill slimes

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