Skin cancer is one of the most common cancers affecting individuals all over the world. Like all other types of cancer, it is better to detect this condition early. Because early detection and treatment can mean the difference between life and death. Unfortunately, most people don’t know the types or symptoms of this type of cancer and always realize they have the disease when it’s too late.
There are three main types of skin cancer, depending on the layer of skin the cancer affects. The first type is Basal cell carcinoma or BCC, which attacks the basal cells of the epidermis. The second type is Squamous cell carcinoma or SCC, which affects the epidermal layer of the skin. The third and most dangerous type is melanoma, which affects the melanocytes located in the lower part of the epidermal layer.
Cancer symptoms also vary according to the type of cancer. Sometimes a person may notice an itchy or very uncomfortable scaly patch on their skin. Such spots are usually more common on areas of the skin that are exposed to sunlight most of the time. These patches can sometimes start to bleed or turn into ulcers. Such a symptom should never be ignored as it may be early stages of SCC cancer development. Anyone who notices this on their skin should go to a hospital immediately to make sure the ulcer is treated before cancer develops.
One symptom of BCC cancer is the development of infected lumps and bumps on the skin. These bumps can form crusts that begin to bleed, and this can be a sign of cancer development. As soon as the patient notices these symptoms, he should not hesitate to go to the doctor and should start the treatment immediately.
Melanoma is the most severe form of skin cancer and can prove fatal. One of the earliest symptoms of this cancer is the formation of a mole on the skin. These moles may be brownish or red in color. A person who already has a mole on their skin may notice that the mole asymmetry, border, color, and even diameter has changed. The surrounding area may become itchy or painful and this should be a cause for concern. If there is redness, itching or tenderness around the skin patches, the person should visit a doctor to rule out the onset of cancer.
Cancer treatment also depends on the type of skin cancer the patient is suffering from. SCC and BCC are less severe and are not likely to spread to other organs in the body. Therefore, the individual can receive localized treatment to help get rid of the cancer cells. However, melanoma is quite severe and its treatment is more systematic. This is because melanoma is very dangerous and there is often a chance that the cancer has spread to other internal cells and organs in the body. However, for all types of cancer, the chance of treatment will be higher for the patient who can go to the doctor in the early stages. For this reason, individuals should take note of the symptoms so they can stop the development of cancer cells before they take over their skin.