Cancer is one of the most feared diseases among individuals and people who suffer from it are also in fear, but the best way to alleviate the fear of cancer is to detect cancer at an early stage and get treatment coverage. from your body.
Skin cancer is the most common cancer. Approximately 5.4 million basal and squamous cell cancers are diagnosed each year. (These are found in about 3.3 million Americans; some people have more than one.) Melanoma, the deadliest type of skin cancer, will be responsible for approximately 76,380 cases of skin cancer in 2016.
The article explains about Skin cancer and its causes. Skin cancer is a widespread and locally destructive (malignant or cancerous) growth of the skin. It originates from the cells lining the skin membrane that separates the superficial layer of the skin from the deeper layers. Unlike cutaneous cancerous melanoma, the vast majority of such skin cancers have limited potential to spread to other parts of the body and become life-threatening.
There are three main types of skin cancer in common.
• Basal cell carcinoma (most common)
• Squamous cell carcinoma
• Melanoma (caused by pigment-producing skin cells)
Basal cell carcinoma (most common)
Basal cell carcinoma is the most common cancer in humans. More than 1 million new cases of basal cell carcinoma are diagnosed each year in the United States. There are several different types of basal cell carcinomas, of which the superficial type is the least worrisome variety; nodular type, the most common; and morpheaform are the most difficult to treat because tumors often grow (infiltrate) into surrounding tissue without a well-defined border.
Squamous cell carcinoma
Squamous cell carcinoma accounts for about 20% of all these, but is more common in immunocompromised individuals. In most cases its biological behavior is that of basal cell carcinoma with a small but significant chance of distant spread. Less common include melanoma, Merkel cell carcinoma, atypical fibroxanthoma, cutaneous lymphoma, and dermatofibrosarcoma.
The most dangerous type of cancer, these cancerous growths develop when unrepaired DNA damage in skin cells (often caused by ultraviolet radiation from sunlight or tanning beds) triggers mutations (genetic defects) that cause skin cells to multiply rapidly and form malignant tumors. These tumors arise from pigment-producing melanocytes in the basal layer of the epidermis. Melanomas often resemble moles; some develop from moles. Most melanomas are black or brown, but they can also be tan, pink, red, purple, blue, or white. Melanoma is caused by intense, occasional UV exposure (which often leads to sunburn), especially in people who are genetically predisposed to the disease. Melanoma kills an estimated 10,130 people each year in the United States. If melanoma is detected and treated early, it is almost always curable, but if not, it can progress and spread to other parts of the body, where it is difficult to treat and can be fatal.
Risk factors for skin cancer include:
• Too much exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation (from sunlight or tanning beds and lamps)
• Pale skin (burns easily in the sun, does not tan very or not at all, natural red or blond hair)
• Exposure to large amounts of coal tar, paraffin, arsenic compounds, or certain types of oils
• You or members of your family have had skin cancer
• Multiple or unusual moles
• Severe sunburns in the past
• Weakened immune system
• Advanced age (although melanomas are also found in younger people)
Skin cancer signs and symptoms
Skin cancer can be detected early, and you and your healthcare providers play a key role in finding skin cancer. Learn how to examine your skin for changes. See a provider if you have any of these symptoms:
• Any change in your skin, especially the size or color of a mole, growth or blemish, or a new growth (even if it is not coloured)
• Scaling, roughness, oozing, bleeding, or a change in the appearance of an area of skin
• A non-healing wound
• Spread of pigment (color) beyond its borders, such as a dark color emanating from the edge of a mole or mark
• A change in sensation such as itching, tenderness or pain
How is it prevented?
Many types of cancer can be prevented by avoiding the triggers that cause tumors to develop. Prevention strategies include sun protection using sunscreen creams, protective clothing, and avoiding the sun during peak hours from 9am to 3pm. Parents should ensure that children are protected from the sun. Do not use tanning beds, which are the main cause of excessive ultraviolet light exposure and a major risk factor for skin cancer.
How is it treated?
When choosing the best treatment option, your doctor will consider your age and general health, the type and size of cancer, where it is in your body, and what you want. The choice of treatment will also depend on whether the skin cancer has spread to another part of your body.
Types of treatment include:
Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer in many countries. The two most common types are basal cell cancer and squamous cell cancer. They usually occur on the head, face, neck, hands, and arms. Melanoma, another type of skin cancer, is more dangerous but less common.
Anyone can get skin cancer, but it is more common in people with skin cancer.
• Spending a lot of time in the sun or getting sunburned
• Having light skin, hair and eyes
• If you have a family member with skin cancer
• Over 50 years old