WHAT IS OBESITY?
Obesity is a condition caused by excessive fat storage in the body. Obesity was defined as a weight greater than 20% above what is considered normal according to standard tables of age, height, and weight, or according to a complex formula known as “Body Mass Index” (BMI).
WHAT IS THE BODY MASS INDEX?
Body Mass Index (BMI) is a measurement based on a person’s height and weight. The higher the BMI, the more obese you are. BMI values are valid for both men and women regardless of body size or muscle mass, except for:
Pregnant women or nursing mothers
Individuals under the age of 16
Frail or sedentary elderly people
How to Calculate BMI
The World Health Organization (WHO) defines BMI as:
BMI = weight(kg)
Height (m) x (m)
pounds = kg inches x 2.54 = m
The healthy weight range for BMI is 18.5 – 22.9.
< 18.5 Low weight
18.5 -22.9 Normal, healthy weight
25 – 29.9 Obese
=30 Severely Obese
CAUSES OF OBESITY
Weight is largely determined by how you balance the energy you use in daily activities with the calories you take in from food. If you take in more calories than you use, you will gain weight. Your body stores calories that you don’t need for energy as fat.
Overeating and lack of physical activity are the main causes of obesity, especially in combination. But many factors contribute to obesity. These:
Eating Habit: Regular consumption of high-calorie foods such as fast food contributes to weight gain. High-fat foods are dense in calories. Loading up on soft drinks, candies, and sweets also encourages weight gain. These types of foods and beverages are high in sugar and calories.
Lifestyle: Sedentary people are more likely to gain weight because they do not burn calories through physical activity.
Psychological Factors: Some people overeat to deal with problems or to deal with difficult emotions. In some cases, obesity can result from an eating disorder. Shown. For example, for some people, binge eating releases natural opiates in the brain, providing a sense of well-being and physical pleasure.
Genetics: If one or both of your parents are obese, your chances of being overweight increase by 25 percent to 30 percent. Your genes can affect the amount of body fat you store and where that fat is distributed. However, your genetic makeup does not guarantee that you will be obese.
Gender: Men have more muscle than women, and because muscle burns more calories than fat, men expend up to 20 percent more calories than women, even at rest. For this reason, reaching a healthy weight for women can be a tougher challenge.
Age: As you age, the amount of muscle in your body tends to decrease and fat makes up a larger percentage of your weight. This low muscle mass leads to a decrease in metabolism. Your metabolism also naturally slows down with age. People also tend to be less active as they age. Together, these changes reduce calorie needs. If you don’t reduce your calorie intake as you age, you’ll likely gain weight.
Smoking: Smokers tend to gain weight after quitting. Weight gain of 6 to 8 pounds is not uncommon. This weight gain may be due in part to nicotine’s ability to increase the rate at which your body burns calories (metabolic rate). Smokers burn fewer calories when they stop. Smoking also affects taste. Ex-smokers often gain weight because they eat more after quitting. Their food tastes and smells better.
Pregnancy: After each pregnancy, a woman’s weight increases by an average of 4 to 6 pounds compared to her pre-pregnancy weight. This weight gain may contribute to the development of obesity in women.
Medical Issues: Less than 2 percent of all obesity cases can be attributed to a medical cause, such as low thyroid function, excessive hormone production by the adrenal glands (Cushing’s syndrome), or other hormonal imbalances. Low metabolic rate is rarely a cause of obesity. A medical problem can also lead to decreased activity, which can lead to weight gain.
Medications: Corticosteroids and especially tricyclic antidepressants can cause weight gain.
HEALTH AND SOCIAL PRACTICES
Obesity is more than a cosmetic concern. The human body, with 30 billion to 40 billion fat cells, can support extra fat. Fat is important for storing energy and insulating the body among other functions. But after a certain point, body fat can start to interfere with your health.
If you are obese, you are more likely to develop potentially serious health problems. They include:
high blood pressure
Abnormal Blood Fats
coronary artery disease
Obesity can also contribute to gallstones, solid cholesterol deposits in the gallbladder, and gout, a joint condition.
You have to make changes in your life to lose weight and keep it off. Changing your lifestyle is more than choosing different foods and putting more activities into your day. It also includes changing your approach to eating and activity; that means changing how you think, feel and act.
Research has shown that a number of tools and tips are effective in helping you change. Follow these tips for change:
Motivate Yourself: No one can make you lose weight. Increased pressure from people close to you can only make things worse. Likewise, trying to lose weight to satisfy someone else rarely works. Make dietary and exercise changes to please yourself.
Make Lifestyle Changes a Priority: When planning to initiate new lifestyle changes related to weight, be sure to address other pressing issues in your life. Changing habits takes a lot of energy and you want to make sure you stay focused on the issue at hand.
Have a Plan: Develop a strategy to gradually change habits and attitudes that may have undermined your past weight loss efforts. Choose an exact start date. Consider how often and for how long you will exercise. Set a realistic eating plan that includes lots of water, fruits and vegetables. Write down everything about the plan this way: when and where you will take the steps in your plan, how your plan will fit into your schedule, what potential hurdles and how you will deal with them.
Surround Yourself with Good Examples: It helps you surround yourself with good examples as you set your goals. Magazines about wellness and healthy cooking include lots of real life stories, healthy and easy recipes, exercise tips, and interesting facts about fitness.
Avoid Food Triggers: Distract yourself from the urge to eat with something positive, like calling a friend. Practice saying “NO” to unhealthy foods and large portions. Eat when you’re really hungry, not when the clock says it’s time to eat. When you eat, focus on eating. Serve your food on smaller plates to make less food look more. In general, keep food out of sight and don’t keep junk food around.
Keep a Record: You should weigh yourself when trying to lose weight. Periodically keep a food and activity diary so you can reinforce good habits and behaviors you may need to discover and develop. Remember that success isn’t just defined by actual weight loss. Be sure to monitor other important health parameters such as blood pressure, cholesterol levels, and general well-being.
Focus on the Positive: Instead of focusing on what you can’t eat, focus on what you can eat. Look for new flavors and activities you can explore that will improve your health.
Don’t Give Up: Too much in our culture conspires to make and keep you overweight. You will have setbacks. Don’t expect perfection right away. But don’t give up. Use replays to get back on track. Motivate yourself with healthy rewards when you reach goals.
Coping with obesity can mean taking a close look at how you live and making some drastic changes. If you are overweight or obese, you should develop a positive attitude before shedding unwanted pounds. With knowledge, the right attitude, a good plan and MRT Complex you can and will lose weight safely, quickly and effectively.