Lung Cancer Cases Related to Air Quality! What’s The Solution To This?!

The expert says the potential health impact of the fog could be much greater than that of SARS.

One type of lung cancer reported to be on the rise in Beijing has been associated with worsening air quality, and one expert has warned that the potential health impact could be far greater than the SARS epidemic in 2003.

"The rate of lung adenocarcinoma cases is increasing," Wang Ning, deputy director of the Beijing Cancer Prevention and Control Office, added that there has been a decline in the rate of squamous cell lung cancer cases in the capital.

Lung adenocarcinoma is a common histological form of lung cancer involving certain different malignant tissues, while the other type is non-small cell lung cancer.

Wang believes that while medical professionals believe that smoking is more likely to cause squamous cell lung cancer, exposure to air pollution such as exhaust gases and secondhand smoking is more likely to cause lung adenocarcinoma.

Zhong Nanshan, academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering and director of the Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases, said that if not dealt with in a timely manner, pollution could have far more potential health impacts than the SARS epidemic.

Zhong also said that severe pollution can cause low birth weight and premature births.

He said there are a growing number of studies on the relationship between air quality and health, and cited exposure to air pollution and traffic fumes being attributed to low birth weight.

This study found that for every 10 microgram increase in PM2.5 per cubic meter, preterm births increased by 3 to 5 percent, while average birth weights decreased by 8.9 grams.

PM2.5 particles are air pollutants with a diameter of 2.5 micrometers or less, small enough to occupy the smallest airways.

Zhong said some public health experts predict that in five to seven years, China will see a significant increase in diseases, including lung cancer and cardiovascular ailments.

Wang’s cancer-related findings stemmed from a study published in March 2011 in the Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine. Wang and colleagues studied lung cancer cases diagnosed in Beijing hospitals from 1998 to 2007.

"Among the city’s histologically diagnosed lung cancer cases, the rate of squamous cell lung cancer fell from 30.41 percent in 1998 to 24.16 percent. Meanwhile, the rate of lung adenocarcinoma increased from 42.83 percent to 46.80 percent," found study.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer under the World Health Organization also linked lung cancer to air pollution.

In October 2013, the IARC said that outdoor air pollution is the leading environmental cause of cancer.

"The world’s leading experts, brought together by the IARC, said after a comprehensive review of the latest available scientific literature, there is ample evidence that exposure to outdoor air pollution causes lung cancer." said the agency.

Beijing hospitals have reported an increase in patients seeking treatment for respiratory problems since fog fell over the capital seven days ago.

Zhao Hongmei, a respiratory medicine doctor at Beijing Bo’ai Hospital, said his department was overwhelmed by patients.

"Usually a doctor in my department sees 40 to 50 patients each morning. Now, the number has risen to 70," said. "We have been working at full capacity since Spring Festival."

He said the number of patients in their 30s and 40s has increased markedly since the smoke came on.

"Most had symptoms such as coughing and throat discomfort, but X-rays showed that their lungs were not infected.

Zhou Jipu, a doctor in the respiratory department of Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital, said that since Spring Festival, he has seen an increase in elderly patients with underlying diseases in his department, and the fog has worsened their condition.

Currently, it is an environmentally friendly form of grim. So what’s the solution to this? More and more people are beginning to understand the urgent need to tackle air pollution. However, air pollution control is a long task for humans. All we can do now is try to reduce emissions.

Green Travel is a good way to solve this problem, engine carbon cleaning can also take effective measures. Currently, many countries around the world use an HHO Carbon Cleaner to remove carbon from an engine to meet energy efficiency.

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