Why Is Babysitting Important to Both Parents?

Man achieves immortality largely through his children and his work. As soon as a baby is born, its health and well-being becomes the first concern of both its father and mother. This is one of the points of difference between man and most of the lower animals; And as culture and civilization progress, we see humanity trying to provide better and better protection and educational and vocational opportunities for children. The leading British authority on public health, Sir Arthur Newsholme, says: “Infant mortality is the most sensitive indicator of social welfare and sanitation we have ever had. If babies were born well and cared for well, mortality rates would be negligible.”

In some parts of the world, the chance of a newborn child surviving to his or her first birthday is not more than one in two, and in some cities of our country in the current century, approximately one in three children died within the first year. Your life. In the United States’ registry, 162 out of every 1,000 babies born alive in the first year of life, this number was reduced to 64.6; the corresponding rates for some other countries are as follows: Chile, 234; India, 178; Ceylon, 175; Italy 125; Japan, 124; Germany, 96.4; France, 96; England, Scotland and Wales, 63; Sweden, 58; Norway, 55; Switzerland, 51; and New Zealand, 35.

Currently, the main causes of infant mortality among the white population are prenatal and birth-related diseases and injuries, respiratory diseases and gastrointestinal diseases. Toxemia of pregnancy and syphilis are the main causes of premature births. Adequate care during preterm birth and modern hospital facilities for the care of premature babies are effective measures in reducing these deaths.

The same can be said for some respiratory diseases. Bronchitis, pneumonia, and other respiratory infections are serious in infants because they have little resistance to them. Therefore, all infants should be protected in every way possible from exposure to children and adults who may infect them with colds or other infections. Malnutrition and deficiency diseases lower the infant’s resistance and this adds to the severity of respiratory infections.

Diarrhea or intestinal disease has long been the leading cause of infant death, and still is in some countries. The marked reduction in deaths from these diseases has been largely due to sanitation and improved infant feeding methods. Breast milk is the ideal food for a baby. Studies have shown that the mortality rate from intestinal diseases in artificially fed children is three to ten times higher than in breastfed children.

Today’s young women are physically superior to women of previous generations, and nearly all are able to breastfeed for at least most of the usual nine-month breastfeeding period. Breast milk is desirable not only because it is easily digested and most nutritious for the child, but also because it provides protection against diarrhea and intestinal diseases and increases resistance to measles, scarlet fever and other common infections of infancy.

A few years ago it was found that a serious and often fatal blood disease of newborn babies is caused by a certain incompatibility of parental blood. This depends on what is known as the “RH factor”. Tests can be done for this condition. The risk to the child, if any, can be reduced by careful medical supervision and care during pregnancy.

The more important indirect causes of infant mortality are poverty and illiteracy. Many studies have shown a direct relationship between low wage earners and high infant mortality. One of these studies reports 168 infant deaths per 1000 live births in families with an annual income of $500 or less, while an increase of 30 percent in infant deaths per 1000 live births and 20 percent in infant deaths in families with an income of $3,000 or more. Mortality rate in families where wage earners were unemployed during depression years.

All conditions of poverty are contrary to the delicate life of the newborn baby. On the other hand, poverty, unemployment, and larger families than can be supported are often the result of the same kind of ignorance and irresponsibility that contributes to the high infant mortality rate. It has also been shown that with the mother’s instruction on the proper care and feeding of infants, it is possible to financially improve the nutritional status even if the family’s income is not more than the welfare allowance.

The U.S. Bureau of the Childhood in Washington and state and local health departments produce information, advice, and, if necessary, public health nursing service bulletins for maternal and infant care; It has been responsible for most maternal and infant deaths in the past.

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