Ocean Pollution is an important problem that directly affects wildlife, ocean habitats and human health. Oil spills, toxic waste and illegal dumping are some of the many sources. Environmental awareness and education programs play a vital role by sharing information that helps change behaviors that improve the health of the oceans.
Unfortunately, birds and marine mammals do not avoid oil spills. The oil sticks to the fur, feathers and feet and causes serious problems, and some fish are attracted to the oil because it looks like food. Marine mammals such as seals and dolphins swim and feed near oil spills as they are attracted to shoals of fish that gather below like seabirds.
Oil poisons the food chain when predators eat large numbers of organisms that absorb the oil. Fat Pollution interferes with reproduction by reducing abilities and reducing egg production. When the oil is ingested, it damages the airways and lungs of mammals and other species, causing congestion, pneumonia, emphysema and even death. The sticky oil causes hypothermia by destroying their feathers in birds, and hypothermia by disrupting the fur insulation in seal pups. Birds and marine mammals become easy prey when covered with oil, quickly spreading harmful effects down the food chain.
Toxic waste is the most harmful form of pollution dumped into our oceans. These poisons end up in the seas by escaping from landfills, landfills, mines and farms, by factories spraying chemicals and heavy metals from their chimneys and sewers, and by inappropriately dumping into private dumps of unaware people. Toxic chemicals and metals such as lead have been proven to damage the brain, kidneys and reproductive system, causing birth defects, slow growth and hearing problems.
Scientists and fishermen believe the toxic chemicals are depleting the fish population. The illegal dumping of human waste and plastics exacerbates the problems associated with the destruction of ocean habitats. Much of the pollution that has spilled into the ocean over the past three decades remains today, with litter dumping often occurring when sewer pipes share their space with stormwater drains. Precipitation causes sewer pipes to overflow into water sources such as lakes, rivers and streams, inevitably leading to the ocean.
Small amounts of pollution cause a big problem. In order to reduce this treatment to life, all citizens must participate in the solution. Oil spills, toxic waste and illegal dumping are the biggest contributors to the spread of this disease. When pollution enters the ocean, damage is done to the environment. Is it too late? Has the use of harmful products such as chemical pesticides, harsh detergents and cleaning agents, batteries and plastics devastated our oceans and nearly destroyed the future?
Environmental organizations such as Touch Tanks for Kids, Blue Ocean, Island Dolphin Care and Greenville Eco Family believe the oceans can be revived if people are motivated to come together and encourage people to make responsible environmental choices. These groups use interactive activities to motivate students to motivate their communities to take action that will improve the health of our oceans.
“With determination, a positive attitude, and an unending passion to improve the dire state of our oceans, my grandchildren will experience a whale watch instead of reading about them in a history book or through some sort of virtual tour.” Mike Martin-Executive Director- Touch Tank for Kids