The medical term for white patches on the skin is vitiligo or leucoderma. It is a skin disease in which the skin loses its color due to some genetic or environmental reasons. White patches appear as unpigmented patches of white skin.
White patches on the skin are common in people suffering from autoimmune diseases. One of these diseases is adrenocortical insufficiency. The adrenal gland is responsible for producing a hormone called corticosteroid. This disease occurs when there is a deficiency of this hormone in our body. Therefore, the most common treatment recommended by doctors for vitiligo is corticosteroid cream.
Another treatment for the treatment of white patches on the skin is prolonged exposure to sunlight or artificial phototherapy. When the skin is exposed to light, the cells responsible for pigmentation become active.
Melanocytes are cells in the skin that cause pigmentation. A recent advance in medical science has made it possible to transplant these cells from another part of the body to the affected skin area. As a result of this transplantation, vitiligo or white spots on the skin can be completely treated.
Cosmetics can also be used to cover white spots. However, as it may spread and become uncontrollable, medical treatment should be applied to control the disease. It should also be known that this disease cannot be prevented because it is hereditary. Therefore, good and effective treatment is necessary to avoid psychological effects, disappointment and embarrassment.
There are also some other skin conditions or conditions where the skin loses its color and turns into a lighter or darker shade. It is better to consult a dermatologist and confirm the symptoms before using any of the vitiligo treatments.
Often only topical treatments are recommended by doctors for skin conditions such as vitiligo, acne and eczema. However, some oral pills may also be prescribed if the condition is severe.