Beagle Skin Health – Problems, Symptoms and Treatments

Beagle Skin health

Beagles are happy, energetic, affectionate and loving dogs and most families would love to have a beagle as a pet. And like other dog breeds, beagles have health problems – they are prone to certain diseases. One of the health problems of Beagles is that they are prone to skin infections/issues.

What are the common skin diseases of Beagles?

As with other dog breeds, skin problems in beagles can be caused by numerous agents, including infectious agents (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites), external irritants, allergens and trauma (burns, radiation).

Bacterial dermatitis (pyoderma)

Bacteria that can cause skin infections include: staphylococcus intermedius (most common cause), normal resident bacteria of the skin (Staphylococcus sp., Streptococcus sp.), Pseudomonas sp. and E. coli.

Areas such as lip folds, facial folds, neck folds, axillary areas, dorsal or plantar interdigital areas, vulvar areas, and tail folds are particularly prone to bacterial pyoderma because the warm and humid conditions in these areas allow bacteria to overgrow and colonize. skin surface.

dermatophytosis

Dermatophytes (Microsporum canis, M. gypseum, Trichophyton mentagrophytes) are common fungal agents that cause skin problems in dogs. In dogs with dermatophytosis, the affected area(s) are alopecic, scaly patches of broken hair. Papules and pustules may also occur in the affected area.

Scabies and external parasites (fleas and ticks)

scabies mites (demodex sp. and sarcoptes scabei) can also cause hair loss and dermatitis. Fleas and ticks can also trigger dermatitis. A condition called flea allergy dermatitis is common in dogs and flea bites cause severe irritation and dogs may develop hypersensitivity to flea saliva (injected during feeding/biting).

Allergy (Atopic dermatitis)

Allergens in the environment can trigger an allergic reaction (allergic inhalant dermatitis or atopy), which is mostly seen on the skin. Allergic inhalant dermatitis is a very common allergy in dogs with ~10% of the dog population suffering from the condition. The most commonly affected areas are the feet, face, ears, armpits and abdomen.

Food allergy is also a common type of atopy in dogs. Foods that most commonly cause allergies to dogs include beef, chicken, corn, wheat, soy, and milk.

Other causes of skin problems

Nutritional deficiencies, hypothyroidism, hyperadrenocorticism, excessive estrogen production or administration can also cause skin problems (often seen as hair loss).

How do I know if my Beagle has a skin condition?

In general, skin problems manifest themselves as:

  • Itching and itching
  • Skin inflammation (dermatitis) – appears as skin rash (erythema), scaling, pustules
  • scratch
  • hair loss
  • Licking

How are skin diseases diagnosed?

For skin problems, the vet will need to thoroughly examine the dog (type of lesion, site/affected area(s)) and know the dermatological history. The vet may also need to perform tests to aid diagnosis, such as a Wood’s lamp exam (dermatophytosis), fungal culture, allergy studies (diet tests, patch testing, and intradermal testing), skin abrasions, hair combing for fleas. lies and biopsy. In some cases, skin infection or itching may be idiopathic after all diagnostic tests have been done. In idiopathic skin diseases, corticosteroids or antihistamines and essential fatty acids can be given.

What is the treatment for skin problems?

To effectively treat skin infections, the underlying cause must be determined. Bacterial pyoderma is treated with oral antibiotics (given for 21-30 days; longer duration of treatment in chronic cases). Dermatophytosis is treated by giving the dog antifungals such as Itraconazole, fluconazole, terbinafine, ketoconazole, and griseofulvin. Insecticides can be given if there are fleas and ticks.

Topical and systemic treatment can be given until the underlying cause is determined. Cleansing and anti-parasitic shampoos are available and can be used for routine cleaning (remove dirt and excess oil from the scalp). Medicated shampoos containing chlorhexidine and benzoyl peroxide are widely used because of their antibacterial properties. Antiseborrheic shampoos contain tar, sulfur and salicylic acid and can be used for seborrheic dermatitis. In the case of antifungal shampoos, they have not been shown to shorten the course of infection and it is best to avoid it.

What can I do to help my Beagle’s skin stay healthy?

Feed your dog a complete and balanced diet that will meet his nutritional needs.

Whether your Beagle is a puppy or an adult, make sure he’s getting the right amount of protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals. Dogs also need linoleic acid, an unsaturated essential fatty acid found in corn, safflower, sunflower and soybean oil, which is important for coat and skin health.

regular grooming

Brush your dog’s coat at least once a week and bathe your dog 1-2 times a week. Brushing the fur not only gives you the bond you need with your pet, it also helps you massage the skin and release natural skin oils. Regular brushing will also give you time to check for ticks, fleas or other skin and fur problems.

regular checkup

Take your dog to the vet regularly and have them checked for skin parasites or early signs of skin and coat problems. Skin problems can be caused by an underlying disease condition, and early diagnosis and treatment of the disease will be of great help to your dog.

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