Pollution refers to the process of polluting the soil, water and air and does not make it safe and suitable for use. With the increase in the world population, pollution is increasing day by day at an alarming rate. Pollution can be basically divided into three types: air pollution, water pollution and soil pollution. We will discuss the problems with them.
Air pollution air mainly consists of Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen and Oxygen. About 99% of the air consists of nitrogen, oxygen and noble gases. Air pollution occurs when the composition of the air is disturbed by adding different things that are not normally present. The common type of these are particles that are formed as a result of the combustion of fuel and that these particles escape into the air and cause air pollution.
Another common type of air pollution is dangerous gases such as carbon monoxide, CFC (chloral flora carbon), Sulfur dioxide, Nitrogen oxide and other chemical vapors.
CFC, which is usually found in the compressor of the refrigerator, is mainly responsible for the depletion of the ozone layer. The ozone layer is made of O3, and whenever the CFC rises, a reaction takes place between O3 and CFC, which breaks the O3 layer and causes it to be depleted. Now this has a very dangerous effect on people, causing skin diseases and many other problems, because the harmful rays from the sun directly hit the human body. A recent study showed that around 2 million people die each year due to air pollution. This amount is very worrying.
Soil pollution or soil pollution refers to the situation in which garbage and industrial waste are disposed of without proper recycling. According to the ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY, America produces about 250 tons of garbage, of which only 34% is recycled and the rest ends up in landfills. It causes life-threatening diseases such as measles and diarrhea, especially in developing countries where there is no suitable system for waste disposal. Leaving garbage on the land is very beneficial in spreading bacteria, viruses and fungi that cause many diseases. To avoid contamination of the land, garbage should be recycled and handled appropriately.
Water pollution occurs when different materials from different sources such as different chemicals, sewage, certain metals such as lead and mercury are added to or introduced into the water; Fertilizers from agricultural runoff are the main contributors to water pollution. Water pollution is a worldwide problem. According to the United Nations, 783 million people do not have access to clean water, and approximately 2.5 billion people do not have adequate sanitation. This amount of pollution seriously affects marine life. Water is essential for life. Life cannot exist without water. The human body consists of 70% water. Knowing this important information, we understand that water should not be contaminated because dirty water causes many diseases such as diarrhea, constipation. Contaminated water not only causes human diseases but also makes life difficult for marine life.