Environmental Pollution: A Global Phenomenon

Located near a river in the northern part of India, the hydroelectric power station was the focus of controversy some years ago amongst the many environmental issues facing India. Many environmental activists were determined to block the construction of the dam. This was because the construction of the dam could create pollution in nearby areas, including vegetation, wildlife, flora and fauna. The struggle between activists and the government, which has been going on for several years, was the main environmental issue in the country’s leading newspapers.

The above-mentioned event is one of many cases of environmental degradation caused by humans. There are many issues that need urgent attention, such as global warming, endangered species, ozone depletion, water pollution, air pollution and soil pollution. There are various efforts, such as the creation of global and country-level organizations, to solve and prevent the many serious environmental problems facing the world today. There are environmental activist groups in different countries of the world to face the problems.

Environmental degradation was not so pronounced before the nineteenth century. But with the invention of the steam engine and rapid industrialization in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, many pollution problems arose. The concentration of carbon dioxide and many other poisonous gases has increased since the mass hysteria of industrialization. The growth of these gases and effluents has been increasing steadily and therefore their concentrations have reached alarming levels today. The invention of various heat engines in vehicles, industries contributed a lot to the pollution problem that the world is facing today.

The environment today is in a state of disequilibrium in the twenty-first century. On the one hand, there was an increase in temperature, on the other hand, there was a decrease in temperature due to environmental instability. Industries, transportation systems, air pollution caused by deforestation have increased the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Plants, including trees, are falling massively around the world to meet the needs of industries. This has resulted in a phenomenon called deforestation, which is the rapid removal of forest from the earth, including flora and fauna. The reduction in the number of trees and plants means less absorption of carbon dioxide emitted by humans and other living species. This cumulative effect of deforestation and industrial pollution increases the amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere.

The increased amount of this harmful gas has caused what environmentalists refer to as the greenhouse effect. The basic process in the greenhouse effect is that the earth’s carbon dioxide atmosphere allows the ultraviolet rays to pass through, but not the infrared rays found in the sun’s rays. The greater the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the more infrared radiation (heating properties) is captured by the earth’s atmosphere, thereby increasing the earth’s temperature. Thus, the increased concentration of carbon dioxide caused an increase in temperature and thus global warming.

Deforestation has had the opposite effect on temperature, which is the drop in earth’s temperature. Due to the rapid destruction of forests, there are now more areas in the world where sunlight is reflected. The reflection of sunlight from the earth is the albedo effect. With the increase in surface area caused by deforestation, more light is reflected from the earth. Thus, the heat energy of the sun’s rays, which was once absorbed by the land in the forests, is now reflected back into space, thereby reducing the concentration of heat near the earth’s surface. This caused the earth’s temperature to drop.

The depletion of the ozone layer is another major problem in the environment. Chlorofluorocarbons emitted from the earth deplete the ozone layer through a series of chemical reactions. The thinning of the ozone layer means that harmful ultraviolet rays escape from the earth’s atmosphere and cause various diseases in humans. This rapid depletion of the ozone layer is detrimental to human existence.

Air pollution, as discussed earlier, endanger the environment and other living species that are accustomed to the world. Water pollution, such as the breakdown of oil, harmful chemicals in water bodies endanger aquatic life. Soil pollution has created all kinds of diseases and disorders in humans. All three forms of pollution are serious threats to life on earth.

The Amazon is a biodiverse forest in the Americas. There are thousands of plant and animal species in the forest. All species live in a symbiotic relationship with each other. Even if a species or wild tree goes extinct, it can be disastrous for the forest in the long run, if not the short run. There are many animals that are endangered and in danger of extinction and now who will come forward if no action is taken to save them? Someone must take responsibility to save our fellow humans, because indirectly, if not directly, our survival depends on them. And if there is no action now, then our own survival is at stake and our future generations may not see these beautiful creatures that once roamed the earth. Despite various initiatives taken by governments and organizations around the world, there are many endangered species whose lives are facing human threat. A large number of animal skins, bones, hides, etc. are illegally harvested around the world. trade is carried out. There is a prohibition or full control over such activities through laws and regulations, but still such illegal activities operate unchecked as illegal in the background. Therefore, the conservation of wildlife and natural habitats is one of the many critical environmental problems on the planet today. The issue needs a comprehensive approach and worldwide action.

Environment Sustainability is the regular renewal of the natural resources used. When a tree falls for the paper industry, it is necessary to plant a tree to compensate for the loss. Thus, keeping natural resources unharmed in the long term and ensuring that they remain unaffected. Various initiatives like this need to be stepped in by institutions and organizations around the world. Environmental sustainability, which is followed in the corporate governance structure, is one of the main issues brought to the agenda. Recent alarming growth rates around the world have put tremendous pressure on the world’s natural resources, affecting the world’s environmental health. If resource depletion continues at this alarming level, the time is not far enough when future generations will have to face resource scarcity. Sustainability calls for preventing this from happening and saving the earth’s environment.

What the world aspires to today is environmental sustainability through environmental protection. In this sense, what people consume today does not affect natural resources to be usable for future generations. What we do to the environment today will affect future generations, and if we want our future generations to live happily and prosperously, we must act now or it will be too late. Global warming will have major effects that could be disastrous for the earth and its inhabitants in the long run. Even a slight increase in temperature can be devastating. Earth is our habitat, a precious planet on which our survival depends, if it is not there then there is no life and hence no man. If the environment continues to deteriorate in this way, then it is not far off that our grandchildren or their children’s children will not share the environment we enjoy today.

There are many institutions and programs launched around the world to counter environmental pollution around the world. Worldwide programs by the United Nations to raise environmental issues, the establishment of independent environmental protection agencies in various countries are some of the initiatives taken worldwide. The carbon credits scheme launched is particularly important in that the scheme balances world growth with environmental protection. The growth of the world has led to the environmental problem facing the world today, this world sees the environmental agency create carbon credits. The main advantage of carbon credits is that the growth of the world is not compromised and at the same time the environment is free of pollution. The carbon credits scheme is now implemented all over the world. Institutions earn carbon credits for environmental protection initiatives they implement in their operations. Thus, carbon credits gained barter from the designated world authority for cash. There are well-developed exchanges where they trade for carbon credits and exchange cash. Similar innovative schemes can be provoked in a way that raises environmental concern but also benefits people. What is necessary, then, is to lust after people, because it is in the nature of man to have ambition and to do anything to satisfy that ambition. Simple programs and other direct initiatives to protect the environment may be successful to some extent, but creative innovative schemes such as carbon credits will have a significant impact on the human psyche to better understand the environmental issue. If the carbon credit scheme has forced companies to take environmental issues more seriously than similar programs, it will encourage companies as well as other strata of society to take the issue seriously. Such schemes should encourage school-age children, older retirees, unemployed women and other such people to protect and promote the environment.

We humans have lived with our natural environment, including flora and fauna, for centuries since the beginning of our life on earth. Our natural instinct should not let the nature we share give up our meals, our homes, and everything else we’ve missed for centuries. Earth is a place where we live in a symbiotic relationship with other species, and even the slightest disruption to this balance can affect our existence.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *