Air pollution is the result of harmful substances in the air. They exist in solid, liquid and gaseous form. As a matter of fact, these natural processes facilitate the spread of air pollution. Most of these particles are produced due to volcanic activity and the emission of sulfur and chlorine gases. They also increase the level of pollution in the air when forest fires, biodegradation and dust storms occur. In this article, we will talk about 5 types of air pollution caused by human activities. Keep reading to learn more.
When it comes to nitrogen dioxide, vehicle emissions are the biggest source. In addition, power plants and factories also produce these pollutants. In addition, volcanic activities, lightning, and the decay process of organic matter can also produce large amounts of nitrogen dioxide. The thing is, nitrogen dioxide can produce smoke, which is harmful in sunlight.
Although the atmosphere creates ozone, it does not form on the surface. According to experts, ozone is the second largest air pollutant in the troposphere. Ozone is formed due to a chemical reaction between air and other types of pollutants.
Also, ozone is formed when there is a reaction between volatile organic compounds and nitrous oxide in the presence of sunlight. During the summer, ground-level ozone is at high levels. Smoke is another type of pollutant. It consists of toxins, particulate matter, and a wide variety of other chemicals.
Sulfur Dioxide (SO2)
Sulfur dioxide is the source of the smell you can smell when you light a match. According to experts, sulfur dioxide is formed due to human activity. Another important resource is volcanoes. Apart from this, some other resources include mineral ores, gas, oil and coal.
Indeed, the combustion process of these materials can also release large amounts of toxic sulfur dioxide into the atmosphere. It can also turn into sulfuric acid when it reacts with water droplets in the air, causing acid rain.
Lead is on the list of heavy metals that can be found underground. Indeed, such heavy metals become part of the air through the processing of metals and the combustion of fuels of aircraft and vehicles. This helped reduce lead levels by 98% when removed from gasoline.
Carbon Monoxide (CO)
When something burns, this process releases carbon monoxide. According to experts, this is one of the most common gases. Also, most of this type of pollution is generated by burning fossil fuels in power plants, factories, hand tools. Apart from that, incineration of crop waste is another major cause of carbon monoxide formation.
In short, this was an introduction to five types of air pollution that can be controlled if appropriate measures are taken. If you are worried about your indoor air pollution, a good air purifier is your companion. Here it can help you purify your interior efficiently.