A New Definition of Technology – Scientific Texts Guiding Human Activities

Advances in technology will send humans to Mars in the near future. IoT, 5G, artificial intelligence, automated driving, etc., probably no one can list all the emerging technologies. The complexity of the technological world is wonderful but equally astonishing and difficult to grasp. Yet researchers, engineers, and technicians only need to focus on their part of the job. Complex robots consist of smaller functional units that can be managed by the relevant professionals. They are guided by scientific texts and in minds. Despite the complexity of the technologies, they will eventually be traced back to the simple origins in scientific texts.

Wikipedia defines technology as “The collection of techniques, skills, methods, and processes used in the production of goods or services or in the realization of purposes such as scientific research”. In bing.com search, technology is defined as “the application of scientific knowledge for practical purposes, particularly in industry.” The definitions are broad, apparently encompassing all the useful ways people achieve something. In fact, technology itself is a broad term with many valid definitions. Both definitions are correct as they describe facts. However, they do not explain the meaning of terms that are vague terms such as “techniques”, “application” and “scientific knowledge” that can encompass everything in the universe.

Since we defined science in terms of texts in the article “A new definition of science – a textual basis representing the real world”, technology should also be defined in terms of texts due to its scientific nature. Science and technology are closely related and inseparable in the modern world.

1. Scientific texts – the essence of technology

We see texts as the essence of science, which should be at the core of technology because of the same nature of science and technology. Now we do not repeat the textual nature of science/technology, interested readers can refer to our article “language – the core of science”.

Science can represent anything, including human behavior. Not only are natural phenomena represented and accumulated, so are human activities. The procedures, methods, details of achieving success are recorded in texts which are then set up as representations. With textual representations, human activities are organized, classified and built on existing known technologies.

Features of technology

Generally, technology is viewed in terms of its effects on societies, such as its relation to culture, its practical use, its relation to economy and politics. These are manifestations rather than essence. They are non-textual or non-text centered. Attributing the properties of technology to various aspects of societies not only complicates matters, leading to endless interactions, but also distracts people’s intentions from the true nature of technology.

In the face of the complexity and variations of the ubiquitous and ever-changing technologies, we must reflect on the features common to all technologies of texts. Technology represented by texts takes on basic features common to all technologies.

Technical document

Methods, skills, materials, procedures, principles and the like all need to be documented for the purposes of understanding, learning, communication and recording. User guides, specifications, are often the first things customers and engineers need during product shipment or product development stages. Technical documents describe a product even more accurately than the actual operations of the product. It is relatively stable, simple, accurate, reliable and explanatory despite complex processes, deviations in working conditions and different people, abundant material, changing personnel, documents.

It should also be noted that scientific texts are also kept in mind. Technical documents should be kept in mind and should not be equated with catchy technological texts.

2. Differences between science and technology

It is necessary to find the differences between science and technology. Although they have essential essences, their appearance and emphasis are different to explain various aspects of the human world.

Science and technology have similar branches and knowledge. The main difference between science and technology is their purpose and purpose. The purpose of science is to observe and explain, while technology aims to act and make changes. Their directions are opposite to each other. Science is more of observation, while technology emphasizes action. The same texts can be considered as science or technology according to their purpose and use. For example, the law of motion itself is a science, but when used to make and operate machines, it becomes technology.

Technology is closely associated with the man-made world. Human activities have changed the appearance of the world and the way people live. They are the direct result of technology, but it can also be said that humans have applied science to achieve all this. According to intuition, science is a deeper and more fundamental level of knowledge, while technology is more directly related to applications. Science tends to be basic while technology tends to be elaborate. But texts play an equally central role in their formation.

Today, information spreads instantly; products are transported quickly. People increasingly lived in environments surrounded by machine-made products and structures. It has become easier for people to achieve their goals by using existing knowledge and tools. On the other hand, many questions can be answered by entering questions in search engines within seconds. It seems that everyone has enough information. All it takes is action. As a result, more people have become action-oriented, the term “technology” becoming more popular than the term “science”.

3. Text-based description of technology

Regarding the fundamental nature of science and technology and the differences between them, we now present a new definition of technology:

Scientific texts that guide human activities.

This definition contains two points:

First, technology is scientific texts.

Second, these texts are used as guidelines.

Our definition does not attempt to override existing definitions. Instead, we look at it from a different angle, focusing on a deeper level, positioning the text-centered model of the world.

Availability of technology

Usually, human activities are purposeful. Therefore, the technology often has practical applications. However, the scope of application varies depending on the particular technologies. Also, a technology that is useful in one situation or for some people may not be useful in another situation or for others. Activities can be beneficial or bad for society.

Possible extension of the definition

Animals and machines could use technology like AI in the future, and possibly right now. In these cases, scientific texts show their effects not directly through human activities, but through animals or machines. Their use of technology is imitations of human intelligence without fundamental differences. The definition can be extended to include all human and non-human activities guided by scientific texts.

Combining non-textual technology with textual technology

People may argue that illiterate societies and even animals possess some form of technology, though not as advanced as the modern form. We focus on examples, principles, some of which are vague, without getting into deep confusion with the infinite. Sequence, clarity, and representation of reality are the three defining characteristics of science. Modern, truly technology has these characteristics. In essence, technologies in illiterate societies also came from sequential minds with primitive form of scientific features that manipulate non-texts less efficiently than texts. Scientific texts truly demonstrate these properties, facilitate visual processing and advance the capacity of the human mind.

4. A text-centered science and technology model

We can now propose a text-centered model of science and technology that draws on investigative observations that derive scientific/technological texts and lead to actions through appropriate practice. That is, science and technology are both integrated into the texts. If the aim is text-to-text, focusing on deriving theory, these texts are more about science. If the aim is to focus on the text and not the text, focus on taking action, these texts are more about technology. Actions change the environment, which has become a new subject of observation, leading to the derivation of new scientific/technological texts. In this way, scientific and technological activities create endless iterations surrounding the central texts.

5. Conclusion

With this new definition, the nature of technology is known. The relationship between science and technology is defined and integrated into the texts. The complexity of understanding the technology is reduced. A new basis has been provided for future discussion of our technological world.

By describing technology in terms of text, the scientific strengths of various writing systems will also determine their technological strength.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *