A Healthy Diet For Pregnant Women Follows 9 Important Nutrients They Should Consume

It is important for a pregnant woman to have a healthy diet, to give birth to a healthy baby, and to maintain her own health at the same time. Even before pregnancy, a balanced diet is vital for a woman of childbearing age to cope with the demands of pregnancy.

There must be a popular saying that a pregnant woman should ‘eat for backup’. In a way, that’s true, but that doesn’t mean he should eat twice the normal amount of food. This is not necessary and can lead to obesity.

The pregnant woman can seek dietary advice from her community midwife, doctor and health visitor who carefully checks the health of mother and baby. In early pregnancy, a woman can feel or be sick at any time of the day or night. This can make it very difficult to eat well. For this, all nutrients are important in pregnancy, but especially the following.

  • The fetus needs essential fatty acids for brain growth and cell division.
  • Vitamin D deficiency can cause low birth weight and tetany in the baby and osteomalacia in the mother.
  • Vitamin E is especially necessary in the last 10 weeks of pregnancy. If the baby is born prematurely, he may need a vitamin E supplement.
  • Vitamin K deficiency during pregnancy can cause bleeding in the first month after delivery. Most newborn babies are given vitamin K by mouth or as an injection to prevent this.
  • Folic acid is required very early in pregnancy for the proper development of the brain and nervous system in the fetus. A woman needs enough folic acid in her diet even before she gets pregnant. Folic acid deficiency can cause miscarriage, slow growth, fetal malformation, or premature birth.
  • A vegetarian mother may be deficient in vitamin B12 and may need to take a supplement during pregnancy and while breastfeeding to make sure she gets enough. The fetus stores enough vitamin B12 for the first 6 months after birth.
  • The fetus needs a lot of calcium during the last few weeks of pregnancy as the skeleton develops. If pregnant women don’t have enough calcium or vitamin D during the diet program, they can lose calcium from their skeleton, causing weakening of the bones and teeth.
  • The mother needs to have enough iron during pregnancy. It is necessary to provide its own body and the growing baby with an iron store in the first few months after birth. Breast milk and cow’s milk are poor sources of iron, so this store is vital. During pregnancy, the level of hemoglobin in the blood is checked regularly. If it is less than 10 mg, the mother is anemic.
  • Constipation can be a problem in pregnancy. If so, women should increase the amount of fiber in their diet and engage in light exercise.

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